Intolerance and allergies
Lactose intolerance Both goat and cow milk contain a natural sugar called lactose, which the human body breaks down with an intestinal enzyme called ‘lactase’. Many people don’t have enough lactase to break down lactose, resulting in digestive problems. This is known as ‘lactose intolerance’.
Whilst not uncommon among adults, indigenous Australians, Asians, Africans and people from Middle Eastern cultures are more likely to be lactose intolerant than people of Northern European descent.
The levels of lactose intolerance may vary between people who are unable to digest any dairy products whatsoever, to others who can consume small amounts without experiencing any discomfort.
The good news for cheese lovers is that people with lactose intolerance can consume cheese products with little or no digestive issues. This is because almost all of the lactose in milk is consumed by the cheese starter culture during the process of converting milk to cheese.
Cow milk is a common cause of food allergy in infants. Most children grow out of this condition by age four, although some symptoms can remain into adulthood. Many people who are allergic to cow milk can tolerate goat milk because the protein structure is different. If you fall into this category, we suggest you consult with your doctor before changing your diet.